Who lives in Zimbabwe?
Around 16.5 million people love here, the majority (70%) of them belong to the Shona. About 13% belong to the Ndebele and 6% are the Chewa. There are also several small ethnic groups such as the Tong on the Zambezi and the Tsonga and the Venda in southern Zimbabwe. Between 90 and 95% of the population are Christians. In the 19th century, white farmers also immigrated from Great Britain and South Africa. At that time the country was a British colony and was called Southern Rhodesia, after Cecil Rhodes. In 1980 the country became independent and many white farmers emigrated. Since the 2013 constitutional amendment, Zimbabwe has had 16 official languages, which includes English.
Tips, highlights and sights: You must have seen this in Zimbabwe
- Rainbows over Victoria Falls
One of Zimbabwe’s most famous sights, Victoria Falls is one of the seven natural changers on earth. Is he on your bucket list too? The locals call them “Mosi oa Tunya” – thunderous smoke that plummets about 108 meters into the gorge. The fine mist of the mighty waterfall sometimes rises far above the rainforest that has grown around the water masses. You can explore the area on beautiful trails with great viewpoints around the waterfall and across the rainforest – and don’t forget your rain jacket and your camera! Especially in the afternoon, when the sun is low in the sky, several rainbows often form in the spray.
- Ancient culture in Great Zimbabwe
Discover the stone witnesses of a culture long gone: The stone ruins of the Great Zimbabwe Monument date from the 11th to the 14th century and were the center of the Munhumutapa empire. The current UNESCO World Heritage site was originally built by the Shona, without scaffolding and without mortar joints.
- Wildlife in Hwange National Park
The Hwange National Park is the largest national park in Zimbabwe and is known for its great biodiversity. This is also where the Painted Dog Conservation Center is located, which works to protect the endangered wild dogs. In addition, around 50,000 elephants and a total of over 100 species of mammals and 400 species of birds live here, including the Big Five. Keep your camera ready, you will surely find great opportunities for beautiful animal photos here!
- Lions in Manna Pools National Park
Another beautiful and wildlife-rich area in Zimbabwe is the Mana Pools National Park . You can reach it, for example, with a river trip across the Zambezi. Already during the journey you glide past hippos, elephants and crocodiles. Many other wild animal species also live in the park.
- Grandiose view in the Matobo Hills National Park
Cecil Rhodes, who is also buried here, called the views in the national park in the Matobo Mountains “View of the World”. But not only the view is overwhelming, the “balancing” stones are also fascinating. The caves below are no less exciting: there are numerous sites of beautiful and ancient rock paintings by the San tribe.
- Cruising on Lake Kariba
It takes 24 hours by ferry to cross Lake Kariba . Don’t miss this great event, the reservoir on the border with Zambia is one of the largest on earth and is just beautiful! Enjoy a sundowner on board the ship while the sun seems to sink into the lake in front of you.