Who lives there in Botswana?
Around 2 million people live in Botswana, the majority of whom belong to the Tswana ethnic group. The first inhabitants of the country were the Barsawa (San), originally a hunter-gatherer people. They immigrated in the 4th century. They were followed by the Tswana from East Africa in the 16th century. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Tswana felt threatened by the Boers and Zulus. They asked the British for help, who put the area under British protectorate as “Bechuanaland” in 1885. The country only became an independent republic again in 1966. The national language is Setswana, the official language is English.
Tips and Sights: The highlights in Botswana
- Okavango Delta
As already mentioned: On the one hand there is the great Okavango Delta . Along with boat safaris and land game drives, one of the biggest highlights is a flight over the delta – incredible! In small planes or in a hot-air balloon, you can observe and enjoy the labyrinth of rivers, vast forest areas and a wide variety of animal species from the air. Our special tip: Be sure to stay at Gunn’s Camp, one of the last traditional, classic safari camps in the delta. It borders the Moremi Game Reserve overlooking Chief’s Island. You’ll spend the night under palm and ebony trees in luxury tents with bathrooms and private viewing terraces. Hidden tightly in the bush, they offer the necessary space for rest and relaxation. You can also book boat trips through various canals or a bush walk here. Brilliant!
- Chobe National Park
If you want to see elephants, we recommend a visit to Chobe National Park . An estimated 120,000 of the gentle giants live here. The Chobe River also attracts large herds of Cape Buffalo and Zebra.
- Makgadikgadi Pans
Another highlight are the already mentioned salt pans. They are called Makgadikgadi Pans and together they are as big as the country of Portugal! You have to imagine this! The pans were once great lakes that have now become endless expanses of brilliant white. Only during the rainy season do some fill with life-giving water and become a habitat for migratory birds and migratory herds. This area includes the well-known Nxai Pans – birthplace of thousands of zebras that give birth there during the rainy season. Incidentally, since we are far away from civilization and thus from artificial light sources, you will see a starry sky here that you have certainly never seen before!
And while we’re far away from civilization, let’s take a look at the most untouched game reserve in southern Africa: the Central Kalahari Game Reserve . With 52,800 square kilometers it is also one of the largest protected areas. Endless expanses where you can feel pure freedom. And a paradise for numerous species of animals looking for food.