Who lives in Tanzania?
Around 57 million people from over 130 different ethnic groups live in the largest country in East Africa. The Maasai make up around 3% of the population. The people here speak around 125 different languages, the national language is Swahili and English is the lingua franca. Religious affiliation has not been officially recorded since the 1960s. It is estimated that approximately 40% Muslims, 40% Christians and 20% followers of traditional religions live in Tanzania. Around 98% of the population in Zanzibar are Muslims.
Tips, highlights and sights: Must-sees in Tanzania:
- Serengeti National Park
The Serengeti. World-famous site of the great animal migration and home of the Big Five. Around three million animals live here in the “endless expanse”, as the Serengeti is translated. Flat grass savannas as far as you can see and a unique natural spectacle: the great animal migration, during which around two million hoofed animals move from the Serengeti to the Maasai Mara and back every year. Their ancient route follows rain and food, as the rainy season transforms the Serengeti into a blooming paradise every year. Professor Grzimek made the Serengeti famous, among other things with his timeless masterpiece “Serengeti Shall Not Die”. Today there are almost twice as many animals as in Grzimek’s time. Buffalo, elephant, rhino, lion, cheetah, leopard and the African wild dog live here in freedom. And you are right in the middle: In the tented camps in the middle of the Serengeti, zebras graze right in front of your tent and at night you listen to the wild animals concert. Simply breathtakingly beautiful.
- Ngorongoro Crater
A fascinating animal paradise awaits you on the edge of the Serengeti: the Ngorongoro Crater, a must for every Tanzania safari trip. The view from the crater rim is simply indescribable. And the abundance of animals is legendary. Not only the “Big Five” live here, but also countless other animal species. With a bit of luck, you may even spot one of the few remaining black rhinos, in addition to countless lions, buffalo, elephants, leopards and many more. The crater was formed from a three-million-year-old volcano that collapsed. This is how the largest crater basin in the world that was not filled with water was created: At 17 x 21 km, the Ngorongoro crater is about half the size of Lake Constance. And it is a true jewel of nature: year-round grass areas and water have led to an impressive variety of animals.
- Kibo and Kilimanjaro
A legend rises in the north-east of Tanzania: the Kilimanjaro massif, the highest mountain massif in Africa. Its highest point, Uhuru Peak (“Peak of Freedom”), is on Mount Kibo at 5,895 meters. It’s the tallest free-standing mountain in the world, and quite frankly, the view is absolutely stunning. The massif, around which numerous myths are entwined, towers majestically over the endless steppes of Tanzania. Kilimanjaro National Park was opened in 1973, and in 1987 UNESCO declared Kilimanjaro a natural world heritage site. The impressive Kilimanjaro is a true paradise for trekking enthusiasts and a dream for mountaineers from all over the world. During the ascent you will hike through all vegetation levels from the rainforest to heathland and alpine deserts up to the glacier zone. And you will be rewarded with a stunning view of Africa and Tanzania at the summit.
Starfish, dolphins, tropical beaches, the turquoise Indian Ocean – the place of longing Zanzibar is just perfect to relax a little after an exciting safari. Dream beaches await you here, some of the most beautiful in the world. Do you like diving or snorkeling? Then explore the colorful coral gardens of Zanzibar or the neighboring islands of Pemba and Mafia Island. With a bit of luck you can even watch whales and whale sharks there. Be sure to make a detour to one of the fragrant spice farms, to the original rainforest of Jozani and to the lively old town of Stone Town and its fascinating mix of different cultures.
- Arusha, Tarangire and Lake Manyara
Fantastically beautiful and exciting safaris through the Northern Circuit and the large and well-known national parks in northern Tanzania. Whether Arusha, which combines almost all national park landscapes in one park, the “Elephant Park” Tarangire or Lake Manyara, which is also home to huge colonies of storks or flocks of flamingos, depending on the season.
- Southern Circuit: Selous & Co.
Away from the main routes, great national parks and reserves await you in the south of Tanzania. Explore the almost untouched nature in the wilder sanctuaries and parks of Selous, Ruaha, Mikumi, Kituo and the Udzungwa Mountains! Little traveled insider tips!